Software testing is a part and parcel of the software development. Almost every industry requires software to run the productive actions smoothly. The software is customized and used as per the requirement of the industry. The best way to explain what software stands is that it is the ideal language that connects hardware with a human user. The commands are interpreted so that the hardware can be controlled to get an expected result. Needless to say, the use of software has changed everything a lot. The entry of automation is probably one of the biggest boons for the industries. The production process has hastened and become more accurate with a lot less loss of raw material. The target quantity can be easily achieved using machines. These machines are controlled by an expert using a specifically-designed software.

What is software testing?

The testing part is of utmost importance as it will determine the errors, bugs, gaps, and other unwanted anomalies present in the code. The testing is vividly done to match the result with the expectation by removing the faulty outputs. The fabricated code is thoroughly checked to make it error free. Not the entire software is checked at a time. A particular component is checked once at a time. It makes the job easier and defined. The biggest issue one faces is when the software designed is complex and comprises of millions of such components. As the days pass by, the requirement of complex software is increasing. It is becoming impossible to check the complex software manually. The testers are adopting various means automated means to check the software coding to come up with an expected result.

Importance of software testing

Let us take few examples and describe what software failure can do. Over 300,000 traders were affected when the Bloomberg terminal crashed due to a simple glitch in the software. The British Government had to postpone a humongous debt of £3 Billion. It occurred in the year 2015. Nissan also faced a big threat when the software failed to deploy the sensory detectors to launch the airbags. After two accidents, the car company had to call back more than 1 million cars. Similarly, once Starbucks had to sell coffee for free as the POS system hanged and did not take any entry. Nearly 60% of the stores in Canada and The USA were closed. It was a huge disaster for the brand. Once the software of the POS system was mended, the problem was solved and the brand regained its original pace. In 1994, a tragic incident occurred when an Airbus 300 of China Airlines crashed and claimed the innocent lives of 264 people onboard.

Needless to mention, this is why the software testing is considered to be the prime factor of a software development company. There are more than 150 types of testing genres and many are still being added to the list. As per the experts, the role of a tester is getting messier due to the dynamic platform of software development techniques. Every now and then, new methodologies are being created to fabricate codes to form software. This will lead to a confusing state where the role of the professionals will become unclear as per the experts.

New trends in software testing to look out for

1. The emergence of automation

Like in all the phases of industries, the necessity of automation has also become mandatory for the development of software. It is a very big debate among the future players regarding the utilization of automation for testing software. In future, the incorporation of automation in the testing process will make the jobs a lot easier. The complex software can be easily tested in no time. Big players like Cipes think that the future of the testing will totally depend on automated approaches. He also predicts that with the increase in speed, the approaches will comprise of trade-offs. The person using it has to be well-informed to choose the right direction. Quality assurance is of highest significance in this aspect. If the automation is making things faster, the quality of the software produced needs to be righteously assured.

On the contrary, companies like Honda, Dunne, Yackel, and Ours think automation would be too much and it needs caution. This clearly depicts how big the debate is in this aspect. The concept of automation is an overhyped idea. The companies think that not everything should be automated. Some part should be kept for manual interaction. The expectation should be kept realistic until the time comes and newly developed efficient platforms are available. Automation requires a high maintenance which might hinder the efficiency as well. Honda suggests that the testers will find the particular areas that are more meaningful. The focus of the testers will be freed from simple things and they can concentrate on the important parts of testing.


2. Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Among the latest technologies emerging in the industry, the most prominent ones are Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence. Recently, Google’s new Ai just booked a hair cut session just by talking to the receptionist on phone like a normal person. It also showed simple humane gestures and emotions to  make a call. We can easily understand where we are standing and how prospective the testing part of the software can go with this.

These two implementations are far from maturing but have a significant effect on the testing part. The development of AI is happening at a fast pace. It means that automation will enjoy an extra edge. On proper development, an AI platform will become adaptive and self-learning tool for testing software. Both Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence are impacting hugely the testing arena for software. The testing part will become more complicated and this impact is being sensed to grow more by the experts.

The more these new technologies will grow, the more development of exceptional software products will occur. The potential of new software testing grounds will be amazing in the upcoming years. The software products will become more complicated, interconnected and sophisticated.

3. Internet of Things (IoT)

IoT will bring a lot of change in the game. The applications and software connecting the internet to the hardware will become a huge concern for the QA teams. The security issues will be hard to handle. In fact, the priorities regarding security will become pretty tough to establish. The advent of IoT products will require a lot of testing regarding reliability, functionality, and effectiveness. As per a current survey, over 66.1% of the industries, which want to implement IoT solutions, will need certain measures to reduce the compliance and security risks.

The major threat lies in the user authentication and web interface segment related to the network. The boundaries will increase to a huge extent when IoT will be implemented but it will also increase the vulnerability of the security system. This is the reason why the testing part obliges the quality assurance team to focus and be thorough while performing dynamic and static testing.

4. Open source

The open source software development platforms will outsmart the others. In due course of time, the majority of the companies will rely on open source platforms to execute test management, automate, and manage the defects in the program. The implementation of DevOps and Agile tactics will be witnessed too. From this, it can be easily predicted that the newest tools will be further expanded. Only the Open Source tools will be expanded a lot. The support communities will eventually grow and immense aids will be available regarding these testing platforms. It will benefit the programmers by enriching the content with features, availing full accountability and support, lower the expenses related to the software development, and accelerate the speed of app development. In other words, the software development venture will become more feasible and client-friendly in terms of investment.

5. Big Data Testing

The continuous growth of Cloud Computing and BigData technologies will also challenge the QA testing team. The volume of such digital technologies is continuously rising. The appropriate trends for testing signals will increase manifold. The quality assurance team will have to create a strong strategy to handle the high volume of BigData Testing. The analytical tools needed for such actions should be of higher grade.

The time to test the big data sets must be reduced by improving the quality of the testing process so that the team can provide a faster release of the software. There are a lot of aspects of this testing part. The five main parts of Big Data testing are:

Ecosystem testing

Extraction testing

Transform testing

Analytics testing

Functional testing

The specific approach will depend on the various types of validations needed to test the codes.

Needless to mention, there will be many skills which will be tested in due course of time. The dynamic world of software testing is considerably changing creating a challenging phase for the testers. Only the fast learners and enthusiastic testers will be able to adopt the new trends and evolve to survive. Performance testing will be soon replaced by performance engineering. The prime focus of the software developed will be circling around user experience. The degree of consistency regarding performance across various operating systems, diverse platforms, devices, etc will particularly define the capability of a product to grab hold a market.

The budget for software testing will automatically grow, creating a huge sphere of opportunities. The IT trends mentioned earlier such as mobility, Cloud technology, BigData Analytics, Virtualization, etc will rule the software testing world. It is recommended to the software testers to stay versatile, prepare for a change, and adopt the new techniques to stay ahead of the competition.



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