Software testing is a part and parcel of the software development. Almost every industry requires software to run the productive actions smoothly. The software is customized and used as per the requirement of the industry. The best way to explain what software stands is that it is the ideal language that connects hardware with a human user. The commands are interpreted so that the hardware can be controlled to get an expected result. Needless to say, the use of software has changed everything a lot. The entry of automation is probably one of the biggest boons for the industries. The production process has hastened and become more accurate with a lot less loss of raw material. The target quantity can be easily achieved using machines. These machines are controlled by an expert using a specifically-designed software.

What is software testing?

The testing part is of utmost importance as it will determine the errors, bugs, gaps, and other unwanted anomalies present in the code. The testing is vividly done to match the result with the expectation by removing the faulty outputs. The fabricated code is thoroughly checked to make it error free. Not the entire software is checked at a time. A particular component is checked once at a time. It makes the job easier and defined. The biggest issue one faces is when the software designed is complex and comprises of millions of such components. As the days pass by, the requirement of complex software is increasing. It is becoming impossible to check the complex software manually. The testers are adopting various means automated means to check the software coding to come up with an expected result.

Importance of software testing

Let us take few examples and describe what software failure can do. Over 300,000 traders were affected when the Bloomberg terminal crashed due to a simple glitch in the software. The British Government had to postpone a humongous debt of £3 Billion. It occurred in the year 2015. Nissan also faced a big threat when the software failed to deploy the sensory detectors to launch the airbags. After two accidents, the car company had to call back more than 1 million cars. Similarly, once Starbucks had to sell coffee for free as the POS system hanged and did not take any entry. Nearly 60% of the stores in Canada and The USA were closed. It was a huge disaster for the brand. Once the software of the POS system was mended, the problem was solved and the brand regained its original pace. In 1994, a tragic incident occurred when an Airbus 300 of China Airlines crashed and claimed the innocent lives of 264 people onboard.

Needless to mention, this is why the software testing is considered to be the prime factor of a software development company. There are more than 150 types of testing genres and many are still being added to the list. As per the experts, the role of a tester is getting messier due to the dynamic platform of software development techniques. Every now and then, new methodologies are being created to fabricate codes to form software. This will lead to a confusing state where the role of the professionals will become unclear as per the experts.

New trends in software testing to look out for

1. The emergence of automation

Like in all the phases of industries, the necessity of automation has also become mandatory for the development of software. It is a very big debate among the future players regarding the utilization of automation for testing software. In future, the incorporation of automation in the testing process will make the jobs a lot easier. The complex software can be easily tested in no time. Big players like Cipes think that the future of the testing will totally depend on automated approaches. He also predicts that with the increase in speed, the approaches will comprise of trade-offs. The person using it has to be well-informed to choose the right direction. Quality assurance is of highest significance in this aspect. If the automation is making things faster, the quality of the software produced needs to be righteously assured.

On the contrary, companies like Honda, Dunne, Yackel, and Ours think automation would be too much and it needs caution. This clearly depicts how big the debate is in this aspect. The concept of automation is an overhyped idea. The companies think that not everything should be automated. Some part should be kept for manual interaction. The expectation should be kept realistic until the time comes and newly developed efficient platforms are available. Automation requires a high maintenance which might hinder the efficiency as well. Honda suggests that the testers will find the particular areas that are more meaningful. The focus of the testers will be freed from simple things and they can concentrate on the important parts of testing.


2. Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Among the latest technologies emerging in the industry, the most prominent ones are Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence. Recently, Google’s new Ai just booked a hair cut session just by talking to the receptionist on phone like a normal person. It also showed simple humane gestures and emotions to  make a call. We can easily understand where we are standing and how prospective the testing part of the software can go with this.

These two implementations are far from maturing but have a significant effect on the testing part. The development of AI is happening at a fast pace. It means that automation will enjoy an extra edge. On proper development, an AI platform will become adaptive and self-learning tool for testing software. Both Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence are impacting hugely the testing arena for software. The testing part will become more complicated and this impact is being sensed to grow more by the experts.

The more these new technologies will grow, the more development of exceptional software products will occur. The potential of new software testing grounds will be amazing in the upcoming years. The software products will become more complicated, interconnected and sophisticated.

3. Internet of Things (IoT)

IoT will bring a lot of change in the game. The applications and software connecting the internet to the hardware will become a huge concern for the QA teams. The security issues will be hard to handle. In fact, the priorities regarding security will become pretty tough to establish. The advent of IoT products will require a lot of testing regarding reliability, functionality, and effectiveness. As per a current survey, over 66.1% of the industries, which want to implement IoT solutions, will need certain measures to reduce the compliance and security risks.

The major threat lies in the user authentication and web interface segment related to the network. The boundaries will increase to a huge extent when IoT will be implemented but it will also increase the vulnerability of the security system. This is the reason why the testing part obliges the quality assurance team to focus and be thorough while performing dynamic and static testing.

4. Open source

The open source software development platforms will outsmart the others. In due course of time, the majority of the companies will rely on open source platforms to execute test management, automate, and manage the defects in the program. The implementation of DevOps and Agile tactics will be witnessed too. From this, it can be easily predicted that the newest tools will be further expanded. Only the Open Source tools will be expanded a lot. The support communities will eventually grow and immense aids will be available regarding these testing platforms. It will benefit the programmers by enriching the content with features, availing full accountability and support, lower the expenses related to the software development, and accelerate the speed of app development. In other words, the software development venture will become more feasible and client-friendly in terms of investment.

5. Big Data Testing

The continuous growth of Cloud Computing and BigData technologies will also challenge the QA testing team. The volume of such digital technologies is continuously rising. The appropriate trends for testing signals will increase manifold. The quality assurance team will have to create a strong strategy to handle the high volume of BigData Testing. The analytical tools needed for such actions should be of higher grade.

The time to test the big data sets must be reduced by improving the quality of the testing process so that the team can provide a faster release of the software. There are a lot of aspects of this testing part. The five main parts of Big Data testing are:

Ecosystem testing

Extraction testing

Transform testing

Analytics testing

Functional testing

The specific approach will depend on the various types of validations needed to test the codes.

Needless to mention, there will be many skills which will be tested in due course of time. The dynamic world of software testing is considerably changing creating a challenging phase for the testers. Only the fast learners and enthusiastic testers will be able to adopt the new trends and evolve to survive. Performance testing will be soon replaced by performance engineering. The prime focus of the software developed will be circling around user experience. The degree of consistency regarding performance across various operating systems, diverse platforms, devices, etc will particularly define the capability of a product to grab hold a market.

The budget for software testing will automatically grow, creating a huge sphere of opportunities. The IT trends mentioned earlier such as mobility, Cloud technology, BigData Analytics, Virtualization, etc will rule the software testing world. It is recommended to the software testers to stay versatile, prepare for a change, and adopt the new techniques to stay ahead of the competition.



Top software testing trends every tester should follow in 2018

Software testing has become an integral part of an IT company. These days there are a lot of software development company are investing a chunk of resources and manpower for various software developments. However, subsequent to the development of such software, companies are required to ensure that each software is performing in accordance with the client’s requirements. Thus, IT companies are embracing various testing procedures to ensure that all bugs in the software are identified prior to the deployment process. So, it can be concluded that software testing plays a crucial in the IT industry.

Since we have already entered in the era of digitalization and mobilization, day by day new technologies are inventing which have utterly changed the definition of software development along with the testing. With the advent of Agile and DevOps methodology, many companies are preferring testing and checking process at the earlier stage of the development process. So, it can be concluded that in the past few years, the software testing procedures have been changed a lot.

Here, in this article, we are going to mention top 8 software testing trends that every tester should know so that they can develop a high-grade product and can satisfactorily meet the client’s expectations.

1. Shift from quality assurance(QA) to quality engineering: In earlier days, the company uses Quality Assurance which basically follows a systematic waterfall approach for testing. This is a step by step process which is very time-consuming. Though it checks thoroughly, still it is very lengthy at the same time. Hence, QA is struggling to keep up with the changing dynamics in the testing field. As QA follows a step-by-step test which step needs to be completed before you go to the next step. Thus, you need to assign a manual tester who can look after this in detail. While on the other hand, with Quality Engineering, you can perform testing at the early stage rather than at the customer’s acceptance phase.

2. IoT (internet of things): IoT is booming day by day and this is a great challenge for the testers. In IoT, a complete web of things is interconnected with each other through the internet. Basically, the hardware is controlled by dedicated software which connects them to the internet and from there it connects to all other things. Though it sounds great, still there are a number of vulnerabilities in the system. Hence, all the IoT products should be tested for functionality, security, quality, and effectiveness. According to HP reports, nearly 70 % of IoT system are susceptible to security-related issues. That’s why this latest software testing trend motivates the testers and QA teams to be focused and attentive when performing the testing of IoT devices.

3. DevOps: DevOps is a term which is particularly used to reduce the time from development(Dev) to operation(Ops) while ensuring the quality of software. The core principle of DevOps is that all departments of an IT company should collaborate seamlessly and impeccably. DevOps approach requires continuous testing which means testing needs to be done in every phase. Though DevOps is not a new-fangled thing, its emergence in the field of IT is quite new. According to Google trends, DevOps has gained overwhelming popularity over the past five years and this trend will continue to grow in the upcoming year also. It is expected that in the upcoming years, more organizations will adopt this technology and will improve their overall performance and growth. As DevOps emphasizes more on automation and integration, in future many tools will be introduced which will encourage automated testing and unremitting integrations.

4. Automating mobile testing: Mobile phones are leveraged with the lives of people in such a way that people can’t live without them. Mobile testing is a procedure in which all the applications that are developed for the mobiles are being tested for their user-friendliness, performance, reliability, and security. Testing mobile applications is a daunting and intricated task than testing websites. Because there is a huge number of updates, various types of devices, and software updates make the job harder for the testers. Hence, currently, the usage of automating tools for mobile testing is lower as compared to others. But since people are preferring mobile applications over desktop applications, in future more automating mobile tools will be invented. Some of the automating tools for mobile testing include are Robotium, Monkey Runner Ranorex, Appium, Appium Studio, and UI Automator.


5. Big data testing: In this data-driven world, every company is generating a chunk of data every day. Basically, big data is a large amount of intricated datasets which can’t be processed by traditional computing techniques. Thus, the organizations need a unique approach for testing which is known as big data testing. Big data testing is a process which can help a company to test such voluminous datasets effortlessly. It is also true that the testers and QA team need a robust strategy for big data testing because it requires high-grade analytical tools and frameworks, along with superior techniques. Big data will continue to grow in the upcoming years also and hence, you need to improve the testing process so that you can provide the clients with the best results.

6. Enhancing adoption of open source tools: Open source tools are playing an important role in the growth of the businesses and they are very beneficial for the businesses. They are not only cheaper but also free to use and available to the public. Moreover, it can be easily customizable and is more flexible. It also gives you the freedom to design the way you want. Easy process of modification according to project’s requirements and public accessibility of the open source tools make them highly demanding. They are beneficial for both the programmers and non-programmers. Feature-richness, full support, and accountability of such technology will lessen the development expenses and also speed up the software making time.

7. API and micro-services test automation: Basically, microservice is a software development method to specifically test for any particular conditions. Types of services can be generated and by establishing a connection between them, the entire task can be divided into many parts. In this process, each and every service is created in such a way that it can perform a particular set of processes. This makes your job easier because now you can make changes in any smaller specific area of the application that requires changes instead of changing the entire system. The testers who have sound knowledge of intelligent and can easily use various tools will be responsible for API and micro-services testing. This will reduce the time of development and also improves the quality of software.

8. Hybrid testing models (includes both manual and automating testing): In this technological era, automation testing is the latest fad which businesses are using for their betterment. However, still, you can’t ignore the importance of manual testing in quality assurance industry. In order to cope with the situation, a hybrid form of testing is being used which indoctrinates both manual and automating testing methodologies. This method takes advantage of both types of testing practices. Hybrid testing generally helps to overcome challenges of testing complex and intricated data in a variety of test-cases in a shorter period of time, without ignoring details. So, integrating both automated and manual testing tools and practices is going to be a trend in the upcoming years and particularly, in 2018 this trend will become very popular in the IT industry.

9. Increased focus on digital testing: Since most of the organizations are making a foray in the digital world, hence the need for digital transformation will require a huge shift of focus towards digital testing. Robust strategies for digital assurance will be required for focusing on optimizing functional testing across channels. This is the time that every company should use tools and resources for digital testing which can deliver a better user experience.

10. Cloud testing: These days, testers are now adopting specific methods or approaches in order to test cloud-based services. In cloud testing, real web traffic is usually used to test the web-based applications. This test also verifies many functions like redundancy, security, and performance scalability.

11. Python is getting popular: Testers are preferring python as the first scripting language because it is very robust, powerful, and easy to learn. You can use this in various domains including web development, system operations, scientific modelling, deployment, etc.

12. Software testing budget is increasing day by day: Since the clients are demanding high-quality and impeccable products, hence testing becomes an imperative part of IT industry. With the emergence of current IT trends like big data analytics, cloud technologies, mobility, and virtualization, testing has become a necessity for an IT company. Thus, organizations are now allocating a portion of their IT budget (40%) in software testing and QA.

These are top 8 software testing trends that every tester should know and follow. In 2017, software testing industry has witnessed many new testing trends and techniques and it is expected that in 2018 and upcoming years this will continue to grow because day by day latest tools and trends are invented by the researchers and scientists.

Norjimm is one of the prominent  web application development company India offering state-of- the-art technology services. Lending in the essence of technical excellence, performance monitoring and customer experience management, we ensure a smooth flow of system processes with minimum hassles and capital outlays.