Software testing has become an integral part of an IT company. These days there are a lot of software development company are investing a chunk of resources and manpower for various software developments. However, subsequent to the development of such software, companies are required to ensure that each software is performing in accordance with the client’s requirements. Thus, IT companies are embracing various testing procedures to ensure that all bugs in the software are identified prior to the deployment process. So, it can be concluded that software testing plays a crucial in the IT industry.
Since we have already entered in the era of digitalization and mobilization, day by day new technologies are inventing which have utterly changed the definition of software development along with the testing. With the advent of Agile and DevOps methodology, many companies are preferring testing and checking process at the earlier stage of the development process. So, it can be concluded that in the past few years, the software testing procedures have been changed a lot.
Here, in this article, we are going to mention top 8 software testing trends that every tester should know so that they can develop a high-grade product and can satisfactorily meet the client’s expectations.
1. Shift from quality assurance(QA) to quality engineering: In earlier days, the company uses Quality Assurance which basically follows a systematic waterfall approach for testing. This is a step by step process which is very time-consuming. Though it checks thoroughly, still it is very lengthy at the same time. Hence, QA is struggling to keep up with the changing dynamics in the testing field. As QA follows a step-by-step test which step needs to be completed before you go to the next step. Thus, you need to assign a manual tester who can look after this in detail. While on the other hand, with Quality Engineering, you can perform testing at the early stage rather than at the customer’s acceptance phase.
2. IoT (internet of things): IoT is booming day by day and this is a great challenge for the testers. In IoT, a complete web of things is interconnected with each other through the internet. Basically, the hardware is controlled by dedicated software which connects them to the internet and from there it connects to all other things. Though it sounds great, still there are a number of vulnerabilities in the system. Hence, all the IoT products should be tested for functionality, security, quality, and effectiveness. According to HP reports, nearly 70 % of IoT system are susceptible to security-related issues. That’s why this latest software testing trend motivates the testers and QA teams to be focused and attentive when performing the testing of IoT devices.
3. DevOps: DevOps is a term which is particularly used to reduce the time from development(Dev) to operation(Ops) while ensuring the quality of software. The core principle of DevOps is that all departments of an IT company should collaborate seamlessly and impeccably. DevOps approach requires continuous testing which means testing needs to be done in every phase. Though DevOps is not a new-fangled thing, its emergence in the field of IT is quite new. According to Google trends, DevOps has gained overwhelming popularity over the past five years and this trend will continue to grow in the upcoming year also. It is expected that in the upcoming years, more organizations will adopt this technology and will improve their overall performance and growth. As DevOps emphasizes more on automation and integration, in future many tools will be introduced which will encourage automated testing and unremitting integrations.
4. Automating mobile testing: Mobile phones are leveraged with the lives of people in such a way that people can’t live without them. Mobile testing is a procedure in which all the applications that are developed for the mobiles are being tested for their user-friendliness, performance, reliability, and security. Testing mobile applications is a daunting and intricated task than testing websites. Because there is a huge number of updates, various types of devices, and software updates make the job harder for the testers. Hence, currently, the usage of automating tools for mobile testing is lower as compared to others. But since people are preferring mobile applications over desktop applications, in future more automating mobile tools will be invented. Some of the automating tools for mobile testing include are Robotium, Monkey Runner Ranorex, Appium, Appium Studio, and UI Automator.
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5. Big data testing: In this data-driven world, every company is generating a chunk of data every day. Basically, big data is a large amount of intricated datasets which can’t be processed by traditional computing techniques. Thus, the organizations need a unique approach for testing which is known as big data testing. Big data testing is a process which can help a company to test such voluminous datasets effortlessly. It is also true that the testers and QA team need a robust strategy for big data testing because it requires high-grade analytical tools and frameworks, along with superior techniques. Big data will continue to grow in the upcoming years also and hence, you need to improve the testing process so that you can provide the clients with the best results.
6. Enhancing adoption of open source tools: Open source tools are playing an important role in the growth of the businesses and they are very beneficial for the businesses. They are not only cheaper but also free to use and available to the public. Moreover, it can be easily customizable and is more flexible. It also gives you the freedom to design the way you want. Easy process of modification according to project’s requirements and public accessibility of the open source tools make them highly demanding. They are beneficial for both the programmers and non-programmers. Feature-richness, full support, and accountability of such technology will lessen the development expenses and also speed up the software making time.
7. API and micro-services test automation: Basically, microservice is a software development method to specifically test for any particular conditions. Types of services can be generated and by establishing a connection between them, the entire task can be divided into many parts. In this process, each and every service is created in such a way that it can perform a particular set of processes. This makes your job easier because now you can make changes in any smaller specific area of the application that requires changes instead of changing the entire system. The testers who have sound knowledge of intelligent and can easily use various tools will be responsible for API and micro-services testing. This will reduce the time of development and also improves the quality of software.
8. Hybrid testing models (includes both manual and automating testing): In this technological era, automation testing is the latest fad which businesses are using for their betterment. However, still, you can’t ignore the importance of manual testing in quality assurance industry. In order to cope with the situation, a hybrid form of testing is being used which indoctrinates both manual and automating testing methodologies. This method takes advantage of both types of testing practices. Hybrid testing generally helps to overcome challenges of testing complex and intricated data in a variety of test-cases in a shorter period of time, without ignoring details. So, integrating both automated and manual testing tools and practices is going to be a trend in the upcoming years and particularly, in 2018 this trend will become very popular in the IT industry.
9. Increased focus on digital testing: Since most of the organizations are making a foray in the digital world, hence the need for digital transformation will require a huge shift of focus towards digital testing. Robust strategies for digital assurance will be required for focusing on optimizing functional testing across channels. This is the time that every company should use tools and resources for digital testing which can deliver a better user experience.
10. Cloud testing: These days, testers are now adopting specific methods or approaches in order to test cloud-based services. In cloud testing, real web traffic is usually used to test the web-based applications. This test also verifies many functions like redundancy, security, and performance scalability.
11. Python is getting popular: Testers are preferring python as the first scripting language because it is very robust, powerful, and easy to learn. You can use this in various domains including web development, system operations, scientific modelling, deployment, etc.
12. Software testing budget is increasing day by day: Since the clients are demanding high-quality and impeccable products, hence testing becomes an imperative part of IT industry. With the emergence of current IT trends like big data analytics, cloud technologies, mobility, and virtualization, testing has become a necessity for an IT company. Thus, organizations are now allocating a portion of their IT budget (40%) in software testing and QA.
These are top 8 software testing trends that every tester should know and follow. In 2017, software testing industry has witnessed many new testing trends and techniques and it is expected that in 2018 and upcoming years this will continue to grow because day by day latest tools and trends are invented by the researchers and scientists.
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